Car registration cost in France – How to estimate the price in 2023
Various taxes apply to the registration of a vehicle in France in the SIV system. In fact, there are 5 types of car registration taxes, the total of which is equivalent to the price to pay to obtain your registration certificate. Moreover, extra fees apply to imported vehicles. In this article we would go through every car registration cost in France, so you avoid any bad surprise.
Importing a car: the costs
If you import a car from outside the EU, which includes the United Kingdom since Brexit, you will have to pay import duties and VAT on any car, even if used. Import duties are 10% on the value of the car, VAT 20%. Please note that if you move to France (permanent residency) with your own car, you won’t have to pay those.
If the vehicle doesn’t have a European certificate of conformity, you will have to go through an individual vehicle approval procedure. In France, it is called “réception à titre isolé”. It is performed at the DREAL or DRIRE. RTI costs may vary. In certain instances, the DREAL might request extra tests performed by the UTAC. If the vehicle doesn’t fulfill the European standards, some parts might have to be modified. In the most complicated cases, it means the IVH procedure can cost several thousands euros. That’s why you have to be careful before importing a car in France without an e-COC.
If the document has been lost, a new certificate has to be requested to the manufacturer.
Criteria to take into account when calculating SIV registration fees
Now let’s assume you want to buy a car in France, without the importation hassles. How to evaluate car registration cost in France? On what should you focus to limit those fees? Here are various criteria to consider. To save time, you can calculate accurately your car registration cost in France with this official online calculator (in French).
Type of vehicle (car, motorcycle, trailer, etc.)
The type of vehicle can be identified by checking the field J.1 on the registration certificate. The price of the vehicle registration depends largely on the type of vehicle. Here are the differences observed:
- A trailer pays one and a half of the unit price of a tax horse imposed by the region
- A moped is not subject to any registration tax
- The price of a motorcycle’s tax horsepower is halved since it is not a car. This is the quarter you have to pay if it is over 10 years old
- Commercial cars as well as agricultural machinery pay the Y2 tax, unlike passenger cars
Also called “fiscal power” (puissance fiscale), taxable horsepower is mentioned in field P.6 of the registration document. The more powerful your vehicle, the higher the cost of this tax, called Y1 or regional tax.
Age of the vehicle
If your car is more than 10 years old, you only pay half the unit price of the fiscal horsepower. This discount is not granted anymore for old motorcycles since 2021.
Is the car new or used?
New cars, or imported cars, are subject to emissions tax and weight surcharge tax (see below). Used cars bought in France are exempted, which is good to know.
Carbon dioxide emissions per kilometer: “malus écologique”
In order to encourage the population to purchase clean vehicles, the French state penalizes polluting cars and rewards those called clean. The CO2 tax (malus écologique), based on the rate of carbon dioxide emissions per kilometer, applies only to new vehicles. On the other hand, a bonus is awarded to future owners of new green cars, in addition to a partial or total exemption from the regional tax. The more your vehicle pollutes, the higher the total amount of your registration certificate. Here are the 2023 prices:
|C02 emissions (in grams)||2022 ecotax (in EUR)||2023 ecological tax|
Weight surcharge (malus au poids)
Since 2022, new cars or imported cars weighting more than 1,800 kg must pay some kind of weight surcharge. Its price is €10 per kilo above 1,8 ton. This surcharge is added to the price of the malus écologique (Y3), and share its ceiling amount of €50,000. In other words, if your car is already subject to the maximum emissions tax (226 gr of CO2 emissions or more), it won’t pay a weight surcharge.
Fuel type (clean vehicle or « said to be clean vehicle »)
In France, cleans car can belong to 2 categories:
- Clean car : 100% electric or hydrogen
- « Said to be clean cars »: hybrid, ethanol (E85), LPG
Clean cars don’t pay the regional tax nationwide. The others (« said to be clean ») might not pay, it depends on regional policy. Some offers a 100% discount, others 50% or 0%. You will find the discount rate in the table below.
The region where the car owner lives
Where you live also has an impact on the price of your car or motorcycle registration. In fact, each region has its own pricing for fiscal horsepower. The price of the latter varies between 30 € and a bit more than 50 €. The regional tax price is calculated by multiplying this fiscal horsepower price with the fiscal power of the vehicle (in field U1 on the carte grise). As said above, there are exemptions for clean cars.
|Region||CV price 2023||Discount « said clean vehicle » 2023|
|Bourgogne-Franche-Comté||51.00 €||0% (-100%)|
|Centre-Val de Loire||49.80 €||50%|
|Grand Est||48.00 €||0%|
|Hauts-de-France||34.50 € (+1.5 €)||50% (-50%)|
|Île-de-France||46.15 €||0% (-100% since August 2023)|
|Nouvelle-Aquitaine||45.00 € (+4 €)||0% (-100%)|
|Occitanie||47.00 € (+3 €)||0% (-100% since March 2023)|
|Pays-de-la-Loire||51.00 €||0% (-100 %)|
|La Réunion||51.00 €||0%|
How to request a registration certificate
If you decide to carry out all the procedures for registering your vehicle yourself, you will only have to pay the cost of the vehicle registration document. On the other hand, if you use an approved service provider to request your registration certificate, you must pay service fees related to the services offered by the authorized company.
Since 2017, the ANTS website is the official car registration gateway. Car owners can also choose to deal with an authorized car registration company, such as Eplaque. While the ANTS procedures are in French only, we can assist you with almost any type of request, in English. It’s fast, online, hassle free, with support and help in English:
What are the SIV registration taxes?
There are 5 types of taxes when registering a car in France:
- Y1 or the regional registration tax: this is the number of fiscal horses of the vehicle multiplied by the unit price of a CV of the region where the owner of the car lives
- Y2 or vocational training in transport: imposed only on commercial vehicles. It is calculated according to the weight of the car
- Y3 or the tax on polluting cars: this tax is payable if you buy a NEW car. The amount depends on the rate of CO2 emitted per kilometer
- Y4 or the management tax: this fixed tax (€11) is intended, as its name suggests, to establish the registration certificate, that is to say its printing by the Imprimerie Nationale
- Y5 or the charge for the delivery of the vehicle registration document: this is the cost of shipping the registration document to the home of its owner (always €2,76)
The total of these 5 taxes is Y6. It is the latter that you will have to pay to obtain the registration card (carte grise) for your vehicle.
Car registration: France tax calculator
As you can see, calculating car registration fees is pretty complex, error prone and time consuming. That’s why using a French tax calculator to simulate the cost or a car registration is highly recommended. You can use our tool (basic translation by Google Translate) to do so. You simply have to fill in the various forms, and the final price of your carte grise will appear, as accurate as the info provided. It includes everything related to car registration taxes. If your vehicle is subject to import duties, homologation fees, VAT and other items not directly related to the registration, they will have to be paid on top of those costs.
Examples of car registration costs in France in 2023:
Let’s say you want to register a second hand 2016 Audi A1 (1.0 petrol engine, fiscal power 5 CV) and that you live in South of France (PACA region).
- Y1: 5CV x € 51,2 = €257
- Y2: 0 (N/A)
- Y3: 0 (N/A)
- Y4 : €11 (fixed amount)
- Y5 : €2.76 (fixed amount)
Now let’s say you buy a brand new Citroen that emits 130 gr of CO2 per km, fiscal power 6 CV, and you still live in PACA region:
- Y1: 6CV x € 51,2 = €307 (after rounding 307,2).
- Y2: 0 (N/A)
- Y3: €210
- Y4 : €11 (fixed amount)
- Y5 : €2.76 (fixed amount)
Total : €530.76